Evolving Neural Networks To Play Go (1998)
Go is a difficult game for computers to master, and the best go programs are still weaker than the average human player. Since the traditional game playing techniques have proven inadequate, new approaches to computer go need to be studied. This paper presents a new approach to learning to play go. The SANE (Symbiotic, Adaptive Neuro-Evolution) method was used to evolve networks capable of playing go on small boards with no pre-programmed go knowledge. On a 9 X 9 go board, networks that were able to defeat a simple computer opponent were evolved within a few hundred generations. Most significantly, the networks exhibited several aspects of general go playing, which suggests the approach could scale up well.
In Thomas B{"a}ck, editors, Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Genetic Algorithms (ICGA-97, East Lansing, MI), 768-775, 1998. San Francisco, CA: Morgan Kaufmann.

Risto Miikkulainen Faculty risto [at] cs utexas edu
David E. Moriarty Ph.D. Alumni moriarty [at] alumni utexas net
Norman Richards Undergraduate Alumni orb [at] toki dhs org