Modular Neuroevolution for Multilegged Locomotion (2008)
Legged robots are useful in tasks such as search and rescue because they can effectively navigate on rugged terrain. However, it is difficult to design controllers for them that would be stable and robust. Learning the control behavior is difficult because optimal behavior is not known, and the search space is too large for reinforcement learning and for straightforward evolution. As a solution, this paper proposes a modular approach for evolving neural network controllers for such robots. The search space is effectively reduced by exploiting symmetry in the robot morphology, and encoding it into network modules. Experiments involving physically realistic simulations of a quadruped robot produce the same symmetric gaits, such as pronk, pace, bound and trot, that are seen in quadruped animals. Moreover, the robot can transition dynamically to more effective gaits when faced with obstacles. The modular approach also scales well when the number of legs or their degrees of freedom are increased. Evolved non-modular controllers, in contrast, produce gaits resembling crippled animals that are much less effective and do not scale up as a result. Hand-designed controllers are also less effective, especially on an obstacle terrain. These results suggest that the modular approach is effective for designing robust locomotion controllers for multilegged robots.

Videos of robot walking behaviors
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In Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference GECCO 2008, 265-272, New York, NY, USA, 2008. ACM.
Bibtex:

Risto Miikkulainen Faculty risto [at] cs utexas edu
Vinod Valsalam Ph.D. Alumni vkv [at] alumni utexas net
ENSO This package contains software implementing the ENSO approach for evolving symmetric modular neural networks. It also in... 2010